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Reference list


A reference list must be provided at the end of your assessment task. Reference lists allow others to access your sources, so they must give full details of all the published sources used in the assignment must be given. The reference list must be double-spaced, with second and subsequent lines indented. The following provides an overview of common APA reference list conventions.


  • Book author(s) or editor
  • Year of publication
  • Book title (in italics)
  • Publication information: place: publisher

Book, print version

Cottrel, S 2008, The study skills handbook, 3rd edn, Palgrave MacMillan, New York, NY.


For e-books in HTML format and sourced from RMIT University Library databases, use the name of the e-book collection (for example: ProQuest Ebook Central) instead of the place of publication.


Matthes, J R & Matthews, R W 2007, Successful scientific writing: A step-by-step guide for the biological and medical sciences, Cambridge University Press, ProQuest Ebook Central.

Journal articles

  • Article author(s)
  • Date of publication
  • Article title
  • Journal title
  • Volume number, issue number, page numbers

Journal article (print) 

Rollo, I 2004, 'Understanding the role of exercise in health promotion', Nursing Times, vol. 100, no. 37, pp. 55-57.


Meijssen, D, Wolf, M J, Koldewijn, K, van Baar, A & Kok, J 2011. 'Maternal psychological distress in the first two years after very preterm birth and early intervention. Early child development and care', vol. 181, no. 1, pp.1-11.



Ensure that any websites cited are appropriate for academic purposes and not general sources of information. The convention for citing websites in a reference list is to provide the same details as for a non-electronic publication and include the URL as the place of publication.

The convention for citing websites in a reference list is a follows:

  • Author(s) / organisation's name
  • Date last modified (if there is no date, n.d. can be used)
  • Title of page
  • Date viewed
  • Website URL


Beyond Blue 2009, What is depression?, viewed 1 May 2010,  <>. 


For more in-depth reference information see the RMIT Library's referencing guides tool, Easy Cite, which contains additional, more complex examples.